Frontiers and Futures for Fish

The NAAFE 2019 Forum in Halifax
May 22–24, 2019

This is a perfect time to come to Halifax to explore links with history, and visions for the future.

There are a few places in the world where fisheries are a significant part of daily discourse, and where the economic, historic, and cultural roles of fisheries resonate widely – one of those places is the Maritimes. The Mi’kmaq have been fishing throughout Nova Scotia for over 10,000 years, and European fishers came to exploit Canada’s Atlantic cod stocks over 500 years ago.

But about 25 years ago, the ocean off the coast from Halifax—once viewed as a sea of opportunity—became the world’s poster child for failed fisheries management. In 1992, Canada’s overfished cod stocks collapsed and a moratorium on cod fishing was instated, with devastating consequences for Canadian communities and economies along the coast. Since then, the east coast of Canada has moved from a groundfish-focused fishing economy to one of lobsters, scallops, and snow crab; once again producing valuable exports. At the same time, aquaculture has developed, as an alternative food system for fish and seafood.

However, the ocean waters off Nova Scotia are rapidly changing, and in fact marine ecosystems are shifting faster in the Northwest Atlantic than anywhere else on earth. The stability of the invertebrate-dominated ecosystem is unknown, and evidence that Northern cod is recovering has the fishing sector again poised for sector transformation. In addition, increasing market and regulatory change is occurring more quickly than the fishing sector in Nova Scotia, and throughout North America, can adapt. Fisher harvesters need to constantly recognize and respond to ecosystem, market, and regulatory change, and work towards creating a diversified oceans portfolio that links with historical ties to fishing while embracing technological and informational innovations in the way that fish and seafood are produced, traded, and consumed.

NAAFE 2019 NAAFE 2019 NAAFE 2019

The NAAFE 2019 Forum in Halifax, jointly hosted by Dalhousie University and Saint Mary’s University, will highlight sessions focused on learning from our economic past, transitions to the future, value chain globalization, innovative market-based instruments, and the economics of the coming aquaculture revolution. This is a perfect time to come to Halifax to explore links with history, and visions for the future. Not only are Halifax and Nova Scotia, embracing development of ocean economies, but Dalhousie University, one of the host institutions, is home to the newly launched Ocean Frontier Institute (OFI), and thus this NAAFE 2019 Forum will be about the frontiers and futures for fisheries economics.

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North American Association of Fisheries Economists


NAAFE is an international group of industry, government, and academic practitioners of fisheries economics. The purposes of NAAFE are to facilitate communication among North American fisheries and aquaculture economists in industry, academia, government, and other areas, to promote dialogue between economists and stakeholders interested in fisheries and aquaculture, and to advance fisheries and aquaculture economics and its useful applications.

Organizing Committee

NAAFE 2019 is organized by:

Dr. Megan Bailey
Dr. Megan Bailey

Assistant Professor
Canada Research Chair Integrated Ocean and Coastal Governance Marine Affairs Program
Dalhousie University


Dr. Anthony Charles
Dr. Anthony Charles

Senior Research Fellow in Environment and Sustainability; Professor, School of the Environment & School of Business; Director, Community Conservation Research Network
Saint Mary’s University


Scientific Committee

Tony Charles
Chair, Scientific Committee, NAAFE 2019 Forum
School of the Environment & School of Business; Community Conservation Research Network
Saint Mary's University
Claire Armstrong
Norwegian College of Fishery Science
UiT Arctic University of Norway
Tromsø, Norway
Megan Bailey
Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
Ginny Boudreau
Guysborough County Inshore Fishermen's Association
Canso, Nova Scotia, Canada
Rita Curtis
NOAA Fisheries, Office of Science & Technology
Silver Spring, Maryland, USA
Quentin Fong
Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Program
University of Alaska
Fairbanks, Alaska, USA
Daniel V. Gordon
University of Calgary; University of Stavanger
Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Stavanger, Norway
Alan Haynie
NOAA, Alaska Fisheries Science Center
Seattle, Washington, USA
Dan Holland
NOAA, Northwest Fisheries Science Center
Seattle, Washington, USA
Sherry Larkin
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, USA
Daniel K. Lew
NOAA Fisheries, Alaska Fisheries Science Center
Seattle, Washington, USA
Mitsutaku Makino
Japan Fisheries Research & Education Agency
Yokohama, Japan
Rebecca Metzner
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, Italy
Minling Pan
NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
Ken Paul
Assembly of First Nations
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Cathy Roheim
College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Idaho
Moscow, Idaho, USA
Silvia Salas
Marine Resources Department
Mérida, Yucatán, México
Juan Carlos Seijo
School of Natural Resources
Marist University of Mérida
Mérida, Yucatán, México
Josh Stoll
School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine
Orono, Maine, USA
Rashid Sumaila
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries & the School for Public Policy and Global Affairs
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Olivier Thébaud
Ifremer, UMR 6308 AMURE
Brest, France
Ingrid van Putten
CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere and the Centre for Marine Socio‑ecology
Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Travel to Halifax

Not only is Halifax affordable and easy to reach by land, sea, and air, it’s also close to the things that make our city unique - our seacoast, our lush countryside, and our historic setting.

All visitors entering Canada by air, land, and sea are required to carry a valid passport, and in certain cases, a visa to be eligible to enter. All persons entering Canada must fill out a declaration for Canada Customs. US and International conference delegates are entitled to specific importation privileges.

Attention International Delegates click here for important information . . .

Halifax Stanfield International Airport (HSIA) is Atlantic Canada’s centre for regional, domestic, and international flight service. Recognized by the Airports Council International’s Service Quality program as one of “the best airports in its class” (under five million passengers), HSIA is the very first airport in Canada and the tenth in the world to have earned the Airports Council International’s “Airport Service Quality (ASQ) Assured” industry benchmark of service excellence. HSIA is the only airport in the region to offer Canada Customs services 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and US pre-clearance services. A gateway city to North America, Halifax is geographically closer to Boston and New York than any other major Canadian city and is over one hour closer to Europe than any other major North American city.


Air carriers serving Halifax include Air Canada, WestJet, Porter Airlines, Delta Airlines, United Airlines, US Airways, Icelandair, Condor, Cubana, Thomas Cook, Air Transat and Air St. Pierre. With over 650 flights arriving each week, you can travel to Halifax on direct flights from most Canadian cities, from the major network hub cities of New York, Boston, Newark, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Detroit, Chicago and Atlanta in the United States, as well as London (Gatwick and Heathrow), Reykjavik, and Frankfurt in Europe.

Domestic flights to/from Halifax
International flights to/from Halifax

The US Customs and Immigration pre-clearance facility at the Halifax Stanfield International Airport makes it easy to do business and travel between the United States and Nova Scotia, as travellers are able to go through customs before they leave Halifax. This convenience results in a much easier arrival process in the US and much quicker connecting times to US hubs.

The airport is located 30 minutes from downtown Halifax, and offers a number of transport options to the city including limousine services, car rental companies, taxi services and shuttle buses.

Car: Taxi and Limousine Services

Taxi and limousine services are available curbside in the arrivals area for all arriving flights. A one-way trip to Halifax city centre is approximately $63*, including tax, by taxi or limousine.
More information on: Taxis and limos and accessible transportation.

Bus: Halifax Transit (MetroX 320 with Airport Service)

Halifax’s public transit system, Halifax Transit, provides bus service from the airport to Halifax’s downtown core. Buses feature luggage racks, air-conditioning, and bike racks. Buses departing from the airport to downtown begin service at 5:45 am Monday – Friday and run every half hour. On weekends, buses departing from the airport to downtown begin service at 5:15 am and run every 30 minutes. Halifax Transit does not offer services past midnight.

Halifax Transit bus fares may only be paid in exact change: Adult: $3.50*; Senior and Child: $2.75*; Student: $3.50*.
More information: Halifax Transit bus schedule and MetroX 320 schedule

Bus: Halifax Airport Shuttle

The Halifax Airport Shuttle is the easiest and most cost effective way to get to and from the airport in Halifax. The shuttle will pick you up from the airport and take you to the front entrance of your hotel, as well as pick you up from the hotel lobby and bring you to the airport for your departure.
Reservations only. One-way: $22* or $40* for a return-trip.
Children under 12 free. Prices include tax.
Make reservations in advance

* All prices are in Canadian Dollars.

Lord Nelson


The NAAFE 2019 Forum has multiple affordable options available for delegates:

1. The Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites

The Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites is a beautiful 4.5 Star property in downtown Halifax that combines historic charm with the modern amenities essential to today’s traveler. Their ideal location is within walking distance to the universities and hospitals. They overlook the famous Victorian-style Public Gardens with the convenience of Spring Garden Road at their doorstep providing great shopping, dining and entertainment!

A block of rooms is on hold for Forum delegates, with a nightly rate of $149* + taxes for a Classic Guest Room. Upgrade to Executive King for $189* + taxes.

To secure your preferred conference rate at the Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites, please reference NAAFE or Group ID 38292 when making your reservations. You can book your room by calling 1-800-565-2020, via email to ask@lordnelsonhotel.com, or by clicking on the button below.

Rooms will be available online until Tuesday, April 16, 2019. After this time reservations will be accepted based on availability, so please contact the hotel directly to make your reservation.

* All prices are in Canadian Dollars.

Additional details about the Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites:

  • Check in time is 3:00 pm. Check out time is 12:00 pm.
  • Wi-Fi is complimentary in all guest rooms.
  • There is no charge levied on local phone calls, 1-800 and calling card access.
  • Complimentary fitness facilities available for all in-house guests
  • On-site business center available 24 hours per day
  • Parking is available in an underground connected parkade at $28 per night
  • Complimentary Downtown Shuttle Service Monday – Friday (7:00 am – 11:00 pm).

2. Dalhousie University Accommodations

To make a reservation to stay on campus, please visit the website: stay.dal.ca. All conference delegates should use the promo code: NAAF19 to book accommodations in the conference block. Please note that any student must present a valid student ID upon arrival in order to receive the discounted student rate. If you require any assistance, please contact us by phone: 888-271-9222 or by email at and an associate would be happy to help. View our map to help you find your way around campus.

Dalhousie University works collaboratively with faculty, staff, students, and campus guests to practice and promote sustainability on campus. All participants are encouraged to bring their own reusable mug/water bottle, laptop or notebook, and a reusable bag. Dalhousie has centralized sorting stations for Paper, Recycling, Organics, and Garbage. Thank you for recognizing the importance of being mindful of our choices and considering the impact that each of our decisions make.

* All prices are in Canadian Dollars.

3. Saint Mary’s University

Saint Mary’s University is pleased to provide the following residence rates for overnight accommodations (in effect from May 15 – August 17, 2019):

$ 59.95*
1 person
shared bathroom
$ 109.95*
2 people
shared bathroom
Two-bedroom Apartment
$ 151.95*
up to 4 people
full kitchen & bathroom
Three-bedroom Apartment
$ 146.95*
up to 3 people
full kitchen & bathroom
Two-bedroom Unit
$ 139.95*
2 people
shared kitchenette, 2 bathrooms
  • Hot buffet style breakfast served daily in the Dockside Dining Hall from 7:30 am – 9:00 am
  • 2% HRM Marketing Levy
  • 15% HST
  • Wireless internet service
  • Parking
  • Homburg Centre for Health and Wellness gym access (must be 16 years of age or older)

To book your reservation:
Toll-Free: 1-888-347-5555
Local: 902-420-5486 / 902-420-5591

* All prices are in Canadian Dollars.

Other Accommodations...



NAAFE 2019 Forum will take place at Dalhousie University’s Rowe Building, 6100 University Avenue.

Dalhousie University celebrated its 200th anniversary in 2018. The campus is located on Halifax’s main peninsula, with views of the Northwest Arm from some of its buildings.

Museum Interior

Schedule at a Glance +
Technical Program

Click a title in any of the Concurrent Sessions below to view all the presentations in that session. Each will open in a separate window/tab in your browser.

Subject to change at any time at the discretion of the organizers. Download a PDF of this schedule. Please note: the most up-to-date schedule is the web version below.

May 21
May 22
May 23
May 24
08:00   Registration Registration Registration
Opening & Plenary Session
Plenary Session
Plenary Session
09:30   Break
10:00   Break
11:15   Closing Remarks & Reception
12:00   Lunch  
12:10   Lunch  
15:00   Break  
15:30   Free Timeto get ready for the Banquet and head to bus departure point @ Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites  
16:30 Registration Open & Welcome ReceptionLord Nelson Hotel & Suites  
17:00 ReceptionUniversity Club, Dalhousie University Banquet ExcursionShore Club, Hubbards  
Maritime Museum

Themes & Sessions

The conference theme Frontiers and Futures will serve as a framework for cross-cutting submissions. Sub-themes here will include topics like Indigenous fisheries, EBM, climate change, and gender. When potential delegates submit abstracts, they will have a choice of submitting exclusively to a traditional theme and related sub-theme (for example, Aquaculture: fish feed), or also indicating that they would like their abstract considered for inclusion in a cross-cutting Frontiers and Futures theme.

Open Special Session Themes

Click a theme below to expand and view more on that theme.

Session Organizers: Yutaro Sakai, Arizona State University; Kailin Kroetz, Resources for the Future

Network analysis is a powerful tool that can allow for visualization and quantification of relationships between multiple agents/units in complex systems. A network consists of nodes and edges. A node, for example, may be a fishery and an edge between two nodes may be the number of fishers who participate in both fisheries. Alternatively, in the case of permit transactions, a node may be a permit seller/buyer, and an edge between two nodes may be their transaction history. One can also construct networks representing relationships between firms, governments, and other potential fisheries stakeholders in a similar fashion. Once a network is constructed, network statistics allow researchers to examine how the network structure affects an agents choices/outcomes, as well as how the network itself changes in response to exogenous shocks. Network analysis has the potential to aid in fisheries management policy design and evaluation questions of current importance, including: providing a novel way to detect and measure spillover effects and providing a means of incorporating socioeconomic factors into quantitative ecosystem-based management frameworks.

We believe it is valuable for the fisheries economics community to have an opportunity to learn about and discuss the potential uses of network analyses. In this session, we will bring together emerging work that employs network analysis to benefit fishery management as examples of uses of network analysis. In addition, and in place of a final presentation, we will have a short panel discussion to highlight potential uses of network analysis and challenges to realizing its potential.

Session Organizers: Kate Barclay, University of Technology Sydney; Gil Sylvia, Oregon State University

Why are economics and other social sciences rarely integrated into fisheries and aquaculture management to determine impacts of fisheries relative to management goals? Why are we not constantly searching for approaches to improve management relative to social-welfare and related resource goals? We tend to focus on the amount of fish and not on the amount of economic and social benefits, but why? Are they just seen as simple correlates? Are competing and conflicting social objectives too hard to measure and evaluate given there is no consensus on what is best for society? This issue is a pressing one across the world, in developing countries as well as in wealthy states, with high resource management capacity. If fisheries and aquaculture management is to improve and the profession to advance, economists and other social scientists need to be critically involved in the year to year management process itself.

We invite participants to present papers about ways to improve the role of economists and other social scientists in effectively participating in the management process and conceptualizing and assessing the social impacts of fisheries and aquaculture.

Session Organizers: Cintia Gillam, Saint Mary’s University; Anthony Charles, Saint Mary's University

Healthy coastal ecosystems contribute substantially to provide ecosystem services to coastal communities, so effective management of human uses of ecosystems is crucial. Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) can be a relevant tool for this, to achieve conservation and sustainability goals, as well as social, economic and cultural benefits to communities around the world. However, MPAs can not only provide benefits but may result in various costs, and accordingly, assessing the economic benefits of MPAs requires also assessing social factors, notably existing power networks within communities, and issues of equity and inequity in the distribution of MPA benefits and costs. This is especially important with community-oriented MPA approaches. Such community participation might not lead to successful MPA initiatives if that involvement serves a hidden agenda, such as that of international NGOs or governments. Furthermore, it is relevant to analyze if the community receives enough support and empowerment to develop their own alternative livelihoods, and to take part in governance systems, including co-management arrangements in MPAs. This session explores how economic benefits to communities arising from MPAs may vary depending on the region, country, level of participatory approaches in decision-making processes, access to capacity building, and involvement of NGOs, private sector and governments.

Session Organizers: Amber Himes-Cornell, FAO; Chris Anderson, University of Washington; Adam Soliman, Fisheries Law Centre

Fish provide millions of people around the world with food security, nutrition, and livelihood opportunities, but the people in many fishing communities suffer from insecure tenure and access to resources on which they depend. Insecure tenure can cause social issues, loss of livelihoods and lower incomes, food insecurity, reduced nutrition, and the fundamental economic and biological problems of overcapitalization and overfishing.

To address some of these issues, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has supported stakeholders globally by developing the Voluntary Guidelines for the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (the VGGT), and the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale fisheries in the Context of Food security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines). Both Guidelines recognize that responsible governance of tenure is central to the protection of human rights, food security, poverty eradication, sustainable livelihoods, social stability, housing security, rural development, environmental protection and sustainable social and economic development. Thus, advancing knowledge on how the worlds marine and inland capture fisheries are accessed, used, and managed using many different types of rights-based approaches can provide a better understanding of this part of the solution towards socially, economically and biologically sustainable fisheries.

In 2018, the FAO and the Korean Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries co-hosted the Tenure and User Rights in Fisheries conference in Yeosu, Korea. Participants exchanged information by providing case studies on how tenure and rights-based approaches can harmonize the concepts of responsible fisheries in social and economic development. Participants also shared ideas on how to address concerns about fair and equitable application of user rights in capture fisheries.

A major outcome of the conference was a request for FAO to develop of Voluntary Guidelines on Tenure and User Rights in Fisheries. To undertake this, FAO is hosting a series of regional workshops in 2019 to gather inputs for drafting text to take to the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) in 2020 for their consideration and approval. Subject to COFI approval, FAO would proceed with a Technical Consultation of Member States to negotiate the text of such voluntary guidelines.

For this session, we invite abstracts that discuss lessons learned and good practices that are relevant for the development and implementation of tenure and rights-based approaches to customary/indigenous, industrial, and small-scale fisheries management in the marine and inland waters of North America. The session will be composed of presentations and discussion among session participants. The information will help FAO develop a first draft of these new voluntary guidelines. We would like abstracts to address the following:

  • What are tenure and user rights?
  • What lessons have been learned from the implementation of existing fishing tenure and rights systems in North America?
  • What advice (substantive and/or procedural) would you give to fisheries managers who are developing or modifying fisheries tenure and user rights systems in North America?
  • What are the most essential good practices for creating new fisheries tenure and user rights systems in North America?

Session Organizers: Melina Kourantidou, University of Southern Denmark; Brooks Kaiser, University of Southern Denmark; Linda Fernandez, Virginia Commonwealth University; Niels Vestergaard, University of Southern Denmark

The primary focus of this session is to address challenges, risks, and opportunities in designing policies for management of both large-scale commercial and community-based subsistence fisheries in the circumpolar Arctic. We seek to bring together international and interdisciplinary research to expand the knowledge base for Arctic fisheries management that has been strongly challenged in recent years by stressors associated with both climate change and shifts in market dynamics. Climate-driven shifts in fish stock distributions and abundances are expected to have a strong influence on fishery-dependent communities in the Arctic. Data scarcity and lack of foundational biology knowledge in many of those Arctic fisheries limits the ability to assess how the expected ecological shifts might affect harvest opportunities, and therefore socioeconomic effects are hard to determine. The use of economic tools and models in policy design can expand the level of preparedness and help meet the upcoming challenges. In addition to better understanding of the ecosystem shifts, broadening the understanding of how shifts in market conditions such as global trade structures, demand and price dynamics may affect Arctic fisheries is key for designing policies that ensure socially desirable outcomes.

Other key topics, with a particular emphasis on Arctic fisheries, could include:

  • Fisheries management policies resilient to change and adaptation strategies for climate change
  • Stock shifts, opportunities and challenges; Management of northward moving species/ marine invasive species; Tradeoffs between community benefits and ecological risks
  • Economic, Bioeconomic and Ecological-Economic Modeling
  • Ecological and Economic insights for integrated management approaches (e.g. marine spatial planning - ecosystem based management etc)
  • Utilizing past experiences from fisheries management, institutional settings, governance successes and failures to elicit lessons for designing future management
  • Governance and management of high seas, highly migratory and straddling fish stocks; Transboundary fish stocks and cooperation across states; IUU fisheries in the Arctic high seas
  • Connectivities and interdependencies of local fisheries management, globalized seafood markets and trade structures (including agreements, barriers and conflicts); Responses to global price dynamics and market pressures (e.g. sustainable certification schemes etc); Local and global seafood supply chains
  • Fisheries co-management frameworks and integration of Traditional Ecological Knowledge in fisheries management

Session Organizers: Andrew Kitts, NMFS/NOAA; Sabrina Lovell, NMFS/NOAA; Kristy Wallmo, NMFS/NOAA; Dale Squires, NMFS/NOAA; Lee Benaka, NMFS/NOAA

Bycatch is a problem facing both commercial and recreational fisheries that can have negative biological, economic, or social impacts. Bycatch is often defined as discarded catch of marine species and/or unobserved mortality stemming from interaction with fishing vessels or gear. In commercial fisheries, non-target fish species or regulatory discards often make up bycatch, although protected species bycatch can also be a significant problem in certain fisheries (e.g. dolphins with commercial tuna fishing). Defining bycatch in recreational fisheries is more of a challenge, given that recreational fisherman often are not targeting specific species or will keep non-target species when caught. However, recreational fisheries often do interact with protected species of fish or in some cases, other species such as turtles. In the U.S., a variety of national laws regulating fisheries and protected species govern the management of bycatch and fisheries managers actively seek ways to reduce bycatch while maintaining viable fisheries. In addition to command and control methods to reduce bycatch, there are economic based options such as market-based incentives and intrinsic motivation (e.g. altruism, social norms) approaches. This session will explore the economics of bycatch and provide examples of solutions used or being developed to reduce bycatch in fisheries.

NOAA Fisheries recognizes the importance of reducing bycatch in commercial and recreational fisheries. To that end, the National Bycatch Reduction Strategy contains a wide variety of actions items to be undertaken by NOAA Fisheries. A specific action item in the Strategy is to advance ideas, solutions, and research regarding the economic aspects of bycatch reduction in U.S. fisheries. The proposed session will meet this goal by encouraging a wide discussion of economic bycatch reduction strategies that will include examples of research from the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and around the world, by opening up submissions to any NAAFE participants.

The session will provide attendees with an introduction to bycatch issues and solutions in fisheries. It will expand the discussion stemming from a NMFS workshop to be held Feb. 2019 by providing a short synopsis of the findings from 8 case studies from the workshop and including other research studies that can complement the workshop findings. The ideas presented can be used to advance bycatch reduction in fisheries around the U.S. and the world.

Session Organizers: Megan Bailey, Dalhousie University; Anthony Charles, Saint Mary’s University

Conventionally, fisheries economics focused on types of fisheries, and forms of analysis, that ignored gender aspects. This special session provides a set of presentations aiming to demonstrate, and assess, how gender analysis can be applied to a range of issues in fisheries economics, fishery management and fishery trade, and how this may depend on the specific types and locations of fisheries.

This special session provides a set of presentations aiming to demonstrate, and assess, how gender analysis can be applied to a range of issues in fisheries economics, fishery management and fishery trade.

Session Organizers: Catherine Bryan, Dalhousie University; Shannon Arnold, Ecology Action Centre; Sadie Beaton, Ecology Action Centre

This session will bring together front-line workers, researchers, key stakeholders, and policy advocates for an in-depth exploration of the shifting labour landscape of Nova Scotian fisheries. Based on insights from both primary production and processing, this panel will offer a political economy of the province’s fisheries and aquaculture sector that emphasizes the social and relational outcomes of persistent and emergent patterns of employment within that sector. While these patterns are reflective of traditional divisions of labour and the long-standing organization of the fisheries more broadly, they are also indicative of new opportunities provided by policy—opportunities that map onto the state’s priorities vis-à-vis resource extraction and labour. This panel queries and problematizes these economistic priorities by drawing them into conversation with the lived-experiences and material realities of those working in the fisheries. To this end, the session will invite papers that explore, for example, the integration of temporary foreign workers in fish processing; patterns of out-migration from rural, coastal Nova Scotia and the implications for fish harvesting; the labour conditions in both contexts (harvesting and processing); and the effects of those conditions for those who work in the sector (as well as secondary effects for family and community). As a result, the perspectives and analysis provided by the session will be, at once, increasingly transnational and highly local, reflecting new and persistent recruitment practices within the sector.

Session Organizer: Ken Paul, Assembly of First Nations

The Supreme Court of Canada Marshall Decision (1999) affirmed commercial fishing rights based on the Peace and Friendship Treaty 1760-61. Following this landmark case, there has been a steady increase in the presence of First Nation fishers in the Atlantic commercial fisheries and a diversity of operations in both fisheries and aquaculture. This has also spawned federal support programs in fisheries and aquaculture for Indigenous Peoples in Canada resulting in burgeoning regional and local economies. This session will look at the challenges, successes and opportunities for Indigenous nations and Canada alike in the fishing and aquaculture economy.

Session Organizer: Megan Bailey, Dalhousie University

The market is increasingly being used, and potentially abused, as a mechanism for sustainable seafood governance. The main theory of change has been that through price premiums and/or market access, producers will be incentivized to improve their production practices. This theory of change has been criticized, however, as not adequately capturing consumer preferences and willingness to pay, not incorporating mid-supply chain actors, and for assuming that instrumental values (i.e., the bottom line) is all that drives corporate initiatives in sustainability. New theories of change, a wider scope for keystone actors, and broader theoretical motivations are necessary to fully understand how the market governs seafood consumption and production. This session invites authors to share field-based empirical data, predictive modelling approaches, and/or theoretical considerations for how best to support the sustainable seafood movement and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the seafood sector as forces of good. Examples to draw on may include calculations of the return on investment in CSR, full-chain seafood traceability, pre-competitive sustainability initiatives, and market incentives for socially responsible seafood (like Fair Trade).

Session Organizer: Sylvain Charlebois, Dalhousie University

Food fraud is clearly becoming a noticeable issue in seafood and other commodities, as evidenced by increasing violations and troubling reports on mislabeling and fraud from groups like Oceana. Food fraud has been around for thousands of years, with the first known cases dating back to the Roman Empire. Yet some estimates suggest food fraud represents a nearly $70-billion problem worldwide, suggesting it has now gone mainstream. Two things have changed in recent years that are making a significant impact: supply-chain transparency from fish to fork, and consumer expectations empowered by social media. In Canada, according to a recent study by Dalhousie University, more than 40 per cent of Canadians believe to have been victims of food fraud already, and Oceana Canada identified seafood fraud in 44% of the samples it tested across the country. The economic impacts of seafood fraud and mislabeling have not been well-studied. What are the costs to consumers and the potential benefits to supply chain actors who participate in seafood fraud? What can be done to mitigate it? Two things have changed in recent years that may be making a significant impact: supply-chain transparency from fish to fork, and consumer expectations empowered by social media. In this session, we invite participants to discuss their research into the economic impacts of seafood fraud and mislabeling, and the potential business case for addressing seafood fraud through things like seafood traceability. Furthermore, studies on the extent to which consumer choice and preference, via willingness to pay for labelling information, for example, could help address seafood fraud are also invited.

General Themes

Click a theme below to expand and view more on that theme.

Plenary speakers

NAAFE 2019 Forum: Frontiers and Futures for Fisheries Economics is about looking back over our history of fishing and fisheries management, and the role that economics has had in shaping that. But it is also about looking forward, at new ways our discipline can reach and expand its own frontiers in an effort to contribute to possible futures that we want to see. To that end, the NAAFE 2019 Forum will feature plenaries each morning—highlighting the work of two speakers. Each speaker will be given a theme, and asked to develop a 30-minute keynote address based on that theme.

Best Student Presentation Award

The NAAFE 2019 Forum is pleased to announce the Best Student Presentation Award. As in previous years, the award includes $250 cash sponsored by the Marine Resource Economics Foundation. By supporting this award the Marine Resource Economics Foundation recognizes the importance of effective oral presentation of economic analysis and policy implications in professional and public settings.

Presentations will be judged on the following criteria:

  • Quality of visual aids.
  • Presentation style.
  • Time management.
  • Content (in that study is well-motivated and results are well interpreted).

The Best Student Presentation Award is available to all individuals who are currently enrolled in a graduate program. The student does not need to be first author but must be the presenter. Note that students were opted-in to the contest upon registration, unless the student explicitly opted-out.

Guidelines for Oral & Poster Presentations

Oral Presentations

Key points
  1. Save your file to a USB.
  2. Name your file in the following format Surname_Date of Presentation_ Abstract Number, e.g. Kourantidou_May22_3581104 (Be sure date fits with most up-to-date conference program).
  3. Make sure that our volunteers can quickly and easily find the file and help you upload it in your session room—e.g. avoid a USB overloaded with non-relevant files.
  4. Turn in the USB early to the volunteers at the Registration Desk (preferably on a day prior to your talk, or if on the day, then before each day’s plenary which is scheduled for 8:30), to make sure we avoid delays during the sessions. Alternatively, you can bring it straight to the room where your session will be taking place, but please make sure that this is done at least 20 minutes before the start of your session.

All presentations must be in English—the official language of this conference.

Length of presentation

Each presentation time slot in regular paper sessions is about 18 minutes, so you should plan to speak for 15 minutes, allowing at least 3 minutes for questions and discussion (see the updated detailed program). If you are part of a special session, the scheduling and format may differ—Session Chairs will communicate directly with you about the expectations if they differ. Otherwise, the same timing applies. Please make sure that you do not exceed the allotted time to allow other speakers the same amount of time to present their work.

System requirements

The on-site computers at Dalhousie University use MS PowerPoint format for computer projection. If you are a MAC user, or using older or other software, you may want to consider saving your presentation as a pdf so that on-site computers will be able to open your files.

If you plan to use videos for your presentation make sure the files are saved with the PowerPoint or LaTeX file in one folder for this presentation.

Poster Presentations

The poster session will take place at the University Club in the Great Hall of Dalhousie, on Wednesday afternoon, following the regular sessions (5:00 pm - 7:00 pm). Posters can be dropped with volunteers at the Registration Desk, who will assist in affixing your poster to the designated board. Please make sure at least one poster author is available for the whole poster session, given that we have planned the poster session to take place along with a social event to provide an optimal opportunity for discussion with authors and convenors. Food and drinks will be provided.

Following the poster session (i.e. on Thursday and Friday), all participants with a poster are invited to exhibit their poster in the designated poster exhibition area (Rowe Management Building - Lobby Area).

The size of the poster boards is 5' x 4', please make sure your poster does not exceed these dimensions.

If you would like to print your poster locally, there are options available to do so in downtown Halifax:

Alternatively, you can send it to the print shop in the Life Science Building at Dalhousie University:

Your preparation and cooperation are greatly appreciated. We are looking forward to a very successful conference!

Social Program

Evening Events

Welcome Reception

Tuesday, May 21 | 4:30 pm – 7:00 pm
Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites
(included in all registration packages)

Atlantic Canada is well known for its cheerful hospitality and down-to-earth social gatherings! We will be starting the conference with lots of both at the Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites on Tuesday night. Please join us for drinks and appies, to catch up with some familiar faces, and mingle with new friends. There will be lots of sustainable seafood and more than enough drink to get everyone in a good mood for the coming week!

Poster Session

Wednesday, May 22 | 5:00 pm – 7:00 pm
Dalhousie University Club, Dalhousie University
(included in all registration packages)

The poster session will take place in The Great Hall of the Dalhousie University Club, on Wednesday afternoon, following the regular sessions. Food and drinks will be provided.

Banquet Excursion

Thursday, May 23 | 5:00 pm bus departures from the Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites
Return bus departures are staggered between 9:30 pm and 11:00 pm
(included in all registration packages; additional tickets are available for $85/adult+tax or $45/child+tax)

Nothing is more iconically east coast than lobster dinners by the sea and lively tunes with a hint (or more!) of fiddle. The legendary Shore Club in Hubbards —Nova Scotia’s last great dance hall— will be the venue for the NAAFE 2019 banquet. On the menu will be their famous lobster supper with lots of tasty sides (vegan and vegetarian mains also happily provided!) and a night of good old-fashioned live music courtesy of the local group, Mac & Hawes. Buses to dinner will leave from the Lord Nelson Hotel and Dalhousie at 5pm and there will be two options for returning to the hotel by bus later in the evening. Be sure to bring your finest frock and best dancing shoes because this will be a night of NAAFE you won’t soon forget!




May 25 | 10:00 am – 4:00 pm (6 hours)
Tickets: $ 90.00 + $ 13.50 (15% HST) = $ 103.50 per person
Minimum: 25 – 50 guests

Join your kilted tour guide and head to Nova Scotia’s delightful south shore where you experience Lunenburg, one of the prettiest towns in Canada and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Settled in the mid 1750s by German and Swiss settlers, the locals still retain one of the most interesting accents in North America. Now a bustling fishing port, Lunenburg was once considered to be the busiest shipbuilding town in the world, and was the birthplace of the world-famous racing schooner Bluenose. The town’s distinctive architecture and extraordinary scenic beauty is a colourful reminder of our maritime heritage.

Upon arrival choose between joining your guide for a walking tour of the original town plot, or free time to explore at your leisure. After some free time to enjoy lunch on the waterfront (at your own expense), you will return to Halifax.

Note: If you want to visit the Fisheries Museum of the Atlantic during free time, the cost is $ 14.00 + $ 2.10 (15% HST) = $ 16.10 per person, paid upon arrival at the Museum.

Annapolis Valley

Annapolis Valley

May 25 | 10:00 am – 5:00 pm (7 hours)
Tickets: $ 115.00 + $ 17.25 (15% HST) = $ 132.25 per person
Minimum: 25 – 50 guests

Join your kilted tour guide and travel to the heart of the farmland of Nova Scotia, past rolling hills and pleasant pastoral settings of the lush Annapolis Valley to visit the land of the Acadians. Visit Grand Pre National Historic Site and learn of Evangeline, Longfellow’s tragic heroine, and the sad plight of the Acadians, the simple farm folk who were amongst the first settlers of Nova Scotia, and of the UNESCO World Heritage Site designation of the surrounding landscape.

After free time for lunch on your own in Wolfville, continue to Blomidon Look Off to see the panoramic view of the Valley and the Bay of Fundy, home of the highest tides on the planet. Your day is complemented by a tour and tasting at Domaine de Grand Pre Winery, one of the top wineries in Atlantic Canada where diversity and depth is added to the style of wine made in Nova Scotia by continually raising the bar on quality, while remaining committed to making wine that embodies the land and climate of the Annapolis Valley.

Includes admission to Grand Pre National Historic Site, as well as the Tour & Tasting at Domaine de Grand Pre Winery.

All tours will depart from the Lord Nelson Hotel & Suites, 1515 South Park St, Halifax. Participants are asked to be at the entrance 15 minutes before stated tour departure time.

Light layered casual clothing and comfortable walking footwear is recommended for all tours. Rainwear may be required depending on the weather of the day.

A minimum number of participants are required for each tour. We reserve the right to cancel the tour should the minimums not be met. If the NAAFE 2019 Forum cancels the tour, a full refund will be provided. In the case of tours that go ahead, tickets are transferable, but not refundable. We will build waiting lists for each tour, and will assist with refilling your place should you need to cancel, however if a replacement is not found, you will be charged for the full cost of the tour.

If you have already registered for the conference and would like to add a tour to your current registration, please email the to finalize the details.


  1. Call for Special Sessions (now closed)
    The deadline for special session submissions was November 2, 2018.
  2. Call for Abstracts (now closed)
    Abstract submissions deadline was January 2, 2019.
  3. Registration
    Now open Learn more...
  4. Best Student Paper Contest

    In order to compete for the prize:

    1. Submit an abstract for consideration for presentation at NAAFE 2019 Forum in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. In order to compete, your abstract must be accepted by the scientific committee. Submission deadline is January 2, 2019.

    2. You must submit your full paper, formatted according to the instructions below, by March 1, 2019, by email in PDF format to .

    3. You must ensure that your major professor sends an attestation (click the Submission Rules button below for description) to by March 1, 2019.

    4. Decisions will be rendered approximately April 2, 2019.

    Read the submission rules.

Peggy's Cove


Registration for NAAFE 2019 Forum is now open!

Registration fees include:

  • Access to all plenary and concurrent education sessions
  • Access to the Welcome Reception on May 21, 2019
  • Access to the Forum Banquet on May 23, 2019 (including transportation to and from the venue)
  • A 2-year membership to NAAFE

All fees below are in Canadian dollars and subject to 15% HST (tax).

Conference Registration

$ 575.00 + $ 86.25 (15% HST) = $ 661.25
(DFO – Canadian Government only)
$ 495.00 + $ 74.25 (15% HST) = $ 569.25
Indigenous and community participants
$ 250.00 + $ 37.50 (15% HST) = $ 287.50
$ 350.00 + $ 52.50 (15% HST) = $ 402.50

Additional Registration Options

Additional Banquet Ticket - Adult
$ 85.00 + $ 12.75 (15% HST) = $ 97.75
Additional Banquet Ticket - Child
(16 years old and younger)
$ 45.00 + $ 6.75 (15% HST) = $ 51.75

*Students may be asked for a valid student ID upon arrival at the conference. Students are qualified as: Masters, PhD, Post Doc (within 6 months of graduation). Please note that if you are a presenting student, you will be automatically enrolled into the best student presentation competition. If you wish to opt-out, please select that option during your registration.

Methods of Payment

All funds must be received in Canadian dollars. All bank charges will be paid by the participant.

Attention International Delegates click here for important information . . .

  • Credit Card: MasterCard, Visa, Amex
  • Cheques:
    Please make payable to Agenda Managers and mail to:
    NAAFE 2019 Forum
    c/o Agenda Managers
    2979 Oxford Street
    Halifax, NS B3L 2W3
  • Wire Transfer: for wire transfer details, please contact the conference secretariat at .

Cancellation Policy . . .


We would very much appreciate any and all volunteer support for the NAAFE 2019 Forum.


We have three core areas where we can use help leading up to the conference: finances and sponsorship; science; and logistics and social program. If you have an interest or expertise in any of these, please contact us at . We particularly welcome volunteers to help during the days of the Forum—May 21-24 2019. All volunteers who contribute a total of 16 hours leading up to and/or during the Forum, will receive free registration for the Forum, which includes food and fun at the Forum banquet. Please contact us at .

Would you like to sponsor us?

If you are interested in supporting the NAAFE 2019 Forum and would like to partner with us for a successful event, please contact us to discuss available opportunities.


Thank you to our NAAFE 2019 Forum sponsors and partners.
It is because of these organizations that we are able to provide this important education and networking opportunity for our industry!


Dalhousie University,
Office of the President 

Faculty of Science

Faculty of Management

Marine Affairs

Marine Affairs Program,
Dalhousie University 

Learn more...


School of the Environment & School of Business,
Saint Mary’s University 

Learn more...


Department of
Fisheries and

Learn more...


Social Sciences
and Humanities
Research Council

Learn more...

Fisherman's Market

Fisherman’s Market

Learn more...